According to research done a few months ago in Brazil, about 500 Million bees is already dead. It comes as a shock because pollination is by insects, especially bees. However, when bees are dying, it raises a concern of food securities in the future. The significance is that bees are the essential pollinators; hence, without them, the reproduction of various plants is unexpected. The United Nations (Food and Agriculture Organization), FAO, maintains that 75% of the world’s crops pollination is by bees. Nevertheless, the rate at which the bees are dying is rapidly increasing, and within 3-month, it leaves us no option other than risking the future production of crops.
A survey was done from December 2018 to February 2019 breaks down the beekeepers in 4 different states and their confirmation about the crisis in Brazilian states. Through this data, we break them down to;
- 400M in the Rio Grande do Sul
- 7M in Sao Paulo
- 50M in Santa Catarina
- 45M in Mato Grosso do Sul
Aldo Machado, the vice president of Brazil’s Rio Grande do Sul beekeeping association says that he lost almost 10,000 of honey-bees died within two days. He was speaking to Bloomberg, explaining when he noticed the dying bees. The bees were okay until they cleared their hives to get rid of the dead bees. Unfortunately, the bees were contaminated, and they started to die.
Whom to blame
The researchers are pointing fingers on the pesticide users for causing such a disturbing situation. There is an increase of pesticide users, and from January, there are 3oo more new pesticide users on crops. The researchers examined the dead bees and found out that they have pesticide traces in the dead bees. The insecticide is known for getting rid of insects hence kills flies and ticks.
An Environmental Protection Agency IN U.S. classifies fipronil to be a possible human hazard. Therefore, it is not only harmful to the bees but also human consumptions. According to Albert Bastos, the pesticides poison the bees.
Essential staple food on the farm needs pollination to reproduce. However, with the rapid death of the bees, there is a risk that pollination will not take place. Therefore, pesticide users must find a better solution to keep bees alive for future food securities.